For purposes of Medicaid eligibility, "[e]arned income is income received as a result of work activity. This includes wages, salaries, tips, commissions and income received from self-employment." Medicaid Reference Guide, Income, at 64.
Elderly Pharmaceutical Insurance Coverage - A program that pays part of the cost of prescription medicine for New York State residents over age 65 with annual income below $35,000 (or $50,000 for couples). See EPIC website.
AKA surplus income or spend-down. Some categories of Medicaid applicants can obtain Medicaid in spite of having income above the income limit. Before Medicaid will cover the cost of services for these individuals, they must incur medical expenses that offset their excess income. Medicaid Reference Guide, Income, at 239-242.