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Medicaid Short-Term Rehabilitation Benefit
As you may know, there are three different levels of Medicaid coverage in New York State, each with different resource documentation requirements. These can be summarized as follows (see this more detailed chart):
One little-known benefit under the first level (Community Coverage Without Long-Term Care) is a short-term rehabilitation benefit that allows someone who has merely attested to their resources to get limited home care, and someone who has not provided five years of resource documentation to get limited nursing home care.
Until September 1, 2004, anyone needing Medicaid to pay for rehabilitation care in a nursing home had to provide 36 months of resource documentation. This was true even for short term stays, or where one needed Medicaid only to pay the Medicare co-insurance after 20 days of Medicare coverage. Now, even for a client who has done “simplified asset review,” (no longer called by that name - see below), or who has merely attested to the amount of her resources, this new service is available -- but only for a very short period of time.
Short-term rehabilitation includes:
The 29 days must be consecutive. Client cannot spread it over two or more rehab stays in a year. EX: Client is transferred from the nursing home rehab program after only 15 days, and sent back to the hospital. The 14 remaining days of the 29-day maximum are lost and cannot be carried over. She would not qualify until the next year. She would have to do 36-month resource documentation to receive more nursing home care after the hospital stay.
Spend down cases - Attestors only need to meet a one-month spend-down requirement for Medicaid payment for each month during a 29-day period of short-term rehab. Note that the 6-month spend-down requirement for hospital care does not apply. ADM p. 10.
The 29-day short-term rehabilitation begins on the first day the applicant/recipient receives CHHA services or is admitted to a nursing home on other than a permanent basis, regardless of whether the client has Medicare or other insurance to pay for the early part of the stay, IF the client applies for Medicaid during that stay.1
Example : A recipient is admitted to a nursing home for rehabilitation on November 8, 2004. Medicare covers November 8 through 27 (20 days) in full. Medicaid coverage for short-term rehabilitation is available starting November 28 through December 6 (the remaining 9 days of the short-term rehabilitation allowance).
Note: If the individual was not in receipt of Medicaid upon admission and applied for Medicaid coverage to begin December 1 (not retroactive to November), November 8 would still count as day one of the short-term rehabilitation.
Exception - If an individual does not apply for Medicaid coverage for a commencement of CHHA services or nursing home admission, that commencement/ admission is not counted toward the one commencement/admission limit per 12-month period. So she needs to predict how long a stay might be to decide if it is worth applying for Medicaid for that stay
TIP - Before client applies for Medicaid for nursing home care using the 29-day short-term Medicaid benefit, consider:
Example of Beating the Odds: Mrs. S applies for Medicaid coverage for a three-week nursing home stay which began on September 4, 2004. Six months ago she had a short-term nursing home stay but did not apply for Medicaid, expecting it to be less than 20 days and fully covered by Medicare. Medicaid coverage for short-term rehabilitation is available starting September 4, 2004.
Example of Losing the Gamble: The same Mrs. S had the same short-term stay six months ago. She applied for Medicaid for that stay, just in case she’d stay more than 20 days. She has no Medigap insurance so was concerned about the $114/day co-insurance (2005). She left on Day 22, so Medicaid paid the coinsurance for 2 days using the short-term rehab benefit. For the 3-week nursing home stay beginning on Sept. 4, 2004, she has NO short-term Medicaid rehab coverage, even though she only used 2 days in the last stay. The days must be consecutive. She will have to do the full 36-month lookback to qualify for Medicaid to supplement the Medicare coverage. Next year she will have a new 29-day benefit.
Background, Directives, and Effective Dates: New Section 366-a(2) of the Social Services Law, enacted by Chapter 1 of the Laws of 2002, eliminated the resource documentation requirement for individuals not seeking Medicaid long-term care services.
This article was authored by the Evelyn Frank Legal Resources Program of New York Legal Assistance Group.